Wednesday, 15 October 2014

A peacock feather & flute defines him all!


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He is a God-child, a prankster, a model lover, a divine hero & much more.......

LORD KRISHNA is how people address him. Yes many people know about him, many have read about him as a mythological character, many have just heard his name, but all are fascinated about him once this name ‘krishna’ comes to them !


BIRTH


According to Bhagavata Purana, Krishna was born to Devaki and her husband, Vasudeva, on 19 July, 3228 BC.Since Vasudeva knew Krishna's life was in danger, Krishna was secretly taken out of the prison cell to be raised by his foster parents, Yasoda and Nanda, in Gokula (in present day Mathura district,INDIA). Two of his other siblings also survived, Balarama (Devaki's seventh child, transferred to the womb of Rohini, Vasudeva's first wife) and Subhadra (daughter of Vasudeva and Rohini, born much later than Balarama and Krishna).


NAME ‘KRISHNA’


The name Krishna appears as the 57th and 550th name of Lord Vishnu in Vishnu Sahasranama of the Mahabharata, and is also listed in the 24 Keshava Namas of Lord Vishnu which are recited and praised at the beginning of all Vedic pujas.The Sanskrit word in its origin language Kṛṣṇa is primarily an adjective meaning "black" or "dark",sometimes it is also translated as "all attractive", according to members of the Hare Krishna movement.


DESCRIPTION


Krishna is easily recognized by his representations. Though his skin colour may be depicted as black or dark in some representations, particularly in murtis, in other images such as modern pictorial representations, Krishna is usually shown with blue skin. He is often shown wearing a yellow silk dhoti and a peacock feather crown. Common depictions show him as a little boy, or as a young man in a characteristically relaxed pose, playing the flute. In this form, he usually stands with one leg bent in front of the other with a flute raised to his lips, in the Tribhanga posture, accompanied by cows, emphasizing his position as the divine herdsman, Govinda, or with the gopis (milkmaids).


ABOUT HIM


 According to the Bhagavata Purana, which is a sattvic purana, asserts that Krishna is "Bhagavan Himself," and subordinates to itself all other forms: Vishnu, Narayana, Purusha, Ishvara, Hari, Vasudeva, Janardana, etc. Krishna is often described and portrayed as an infant or young boy playing a flute as in the Bhagavata Purana, or as a youthful prince giving direction and guidance as in the Bhagavad Gita.The stories of Krishna appear across a broad spectrum of Hindu philosophical and theological traditions.They portray him in various perspectives: a God-child, a prankster, a model lover, a divine hero, and the supreme being.


The principal scriptures discussing Krishna's story are the Mahabharata, the Harivamsa, the Bhagavata Purana, and the Vishnu Purana. He is also called as Govinda & Gopala.


This summary is based on details from the Mahābhārata, the Harivamsa, the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana. The scenes from the narrative are set in north India, mostly in the present states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Delhi and Gujarat (States in present India).


  • The king of the Yadavas and became a leading prince at the court.During this period, he became a friend of Arjuna and the other Pandava princes of the Kuru kingdom, who were his cousins. Later, he took his Yadava subjects to the city of Dwaraka (in modern Gujarat) and established his own kingdom there.
  • Upon arrival at the battlefield, and seeing that the enemies are his family, his grandfather, and his cousins and loved ones, Arjuna is moved and says his heart does not allow him to fight and he would rather prefer to renounce the kingdom and put down his Gandiv (Arjuna's bow).
  • Krishna then advises him about the battle, with the conversation soon extending into a discourse which was later compiled as the Bhagavad Gita.
  • He married eight queens—collectively called the Ashtabharya—including Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Nagnajiti, Bhadra and Lakshmana. Krishna subsequently married 16,000 or 16,100 maidens who were held captive by the demon Narakasura, to save their honour. Krishna killed the demon and released them all. According to social custom of the time, all of the captive women were degraded, and would be unable to marry, as they had been under the Narakasura's control. However Krishna married them to reinstate their status in the society. This symbolic wedding with 16,100 abandoned daughters was more of mass women rehabilitation


  • Affiliation :-   Full incarnation of Vishnu (Svayam Bhagavan).
  • Abode     :-   Goloka Vrindavana, Gokula, Dwarka, Vaikuntha.
  • Mantra     :-  Om Namo Narayanaya, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya, Om Vishnave Namah, Hare Krishna Mantra.
  • Weapon   :-  Sudarshana Chakra.
  • Consort   :-   Radha, Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati,Kalindi, Mitravinda, Nagnajiti, Bhadra, Lakshmana and other junior queens.
  • Mount     :-    Garuda.
  • Texts      :-    Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, Mahabharata, Bhagavad Gita, Garga Samhita.

ABOUT KRSHINA BY OTHER RELIGIONS

  •  Buddhism
Depiction of Krishna playing flute in the temple constructed in AD 752 on the order of Emperor Shomu; Todai-ji Temple, Great Buddha Hall in Nara, JapanThe story of Krishna occurs in the Jataka tales in Buddhism,in the Vaibhav Jataka as a prince and legendary conqueror and king of India. In the Buddhist version, Krishna is called Vasudeva, Kanha and Keshava, and Balarama is his older brother, Baladeva.
  •  Bahá'í Faith
Bahá'ís believe that Krishna was a "Manifestation of God", or one in a line of prophets who have revealed the Word of God progressively for a gradually maturing humanity. In this way, Krishna shares an exalted station with Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, Buddha, Muhammad, Jesus, the Báb, and the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh.

  • Ahmadiyya Islam
Members of the Ahmadiyya Community believe Krishna to be a great prophet of God as described by their founder, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. This belief is maintained by the Qur'anic Principle that God has sent prophets and messengers to every nation of the world leaving no region without divine guidance (see for instance Quran 10:47 and Quran 16:36). There is also a saying reportedly of the Islamic prophet Muhammad which says:
"There was a prophet of God in India who was dark in colour and his name was Kanha."
Ghulam Ahmad also claimed to be the likeness of Krishna as a latter day reviver of religion and morality whose mission was to reconcile man with God.

Krishna is also called Murli Dhar. The flute of Krishna means the flute of revelation and not the physical flute. Krishna lived like humans and he was a prophet.

  • Édouard Schuré, an influential figure in perennial philosophy and occult movements, considered Krishna a Great Initiate.
  • Theosophists regard Krishna as an incarnation of Maitreya (one of the Masters of the Ancient Wisdom), the most important spiritual teacher for humanity along with Buddha.
  • Krishna was canonized by Aleister Crowley and is recognized as a saint in the Gnostic Mass of Ordo Templi Orientis.
END OF THE ERA

According to Puranic sources, Krishna's disappearance marks the end of Dvapara Yuga and the start of Kali Yuga, which is dated to February 17/18, 3102 BCE. Worship of the deity Krishna, either in the form of Vasudeva, Bala Krishna or Gopala can be traced to as early as 4th century BC.

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